Jewish celebrations of ancient origin are commemorated in Israel in different ways. The celebrations find their expression in traditional and modern customs and practices. In addition, they influence national life with lasting effect. The Jewish celebrations are “points of orientation” or “reference points”, which determine the course of the year in Israel. They are integral parts of the everyday life on the streets, in the school system as well as in synagogues and households throughout the country.
Shabbat is the resting day of the week. “Shabbat takes place on Saturdays and is mostly spent and celebrated with family or friends. On this day, no one works, important supply services are pared down to a minimum, and as many soldiers as possible get vacation. The majority of the population uses this day for leisure activities on the beach and other recreation spots, for excursions, and for exploring nature. The religiously- oriented population celebrates Shabbat with rich meals within the family circle, and of course they attend divine service for many hours in the synagogue. Religious people do not travel, work or use any electrical appliances on Shabbat.